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Title: North Coast Women
Author: Baiba Berzins
Details: 219 pages ISBN 0909954496

INDEX

Aboody, Nancy 97-8
Aborigines: and cedar getters 14, 15; and churches 124; and farmers 31-2,
35-6; and missions 124; and pastoralists 17-8, 20-2; and towns 40, 43-6;
Biripi people 5, 6,51,54; Bundjalung people 6,20,90,173,174,175, 176;
childbirth 54, 55, 56, 59, 61; contact with Europeans 7, 14-5, 31;
corroborees 22, 143, 146; custodians 138; Dainggatti people 6; domestic
service 36, 43-5,93-4; education 6,14,22, 78,89-94; entertainments 146,
147, 148; farmers 31-2, 35; funerals 142-3; Galibal Bundjalung 6, 56;
Gidabal Bundjalung 56; Gumbainggir people 7, 90; health 5 1, 54, 67, 69;
housing 6; marriage 6,142; midwives 54, 56; musicians 160, 162; Ngarabal
people 15; seasonal work 49; servants 14, 19, 21, 31, 36, 44, 45-6, 1 10,
114; social life 6-7; sport 155-6; towncamps 43-44; traditional society
5-7; Winmurra people 54; writers 172-3
Aborigines Protection Board 43,69,92,93,94
abortion 53, 56, 61, 127
Abrahams, Alma 42
accountancy 116-7
Adair, (Madam) 52
Adams, Fanny I 8
Addison, Esme 45, 117
adoption 125-9
aged care 6, 5 3, 124, 129
agricultural show societies 132
agricultural shows 132, 147
Ahern, Philomena 77, 82; see also Baker, Philomena
Aked, Winifred 159
Aidavilla 169
Alice (township) 105
Allan, (Mrs John) 83
Allan, Mary I 1, 168
Allan, Ruby 144
Alphadale 149
Alport, (Mrs) 1 14-5
Alstonville 37, 121, 132, 156, 176
Alvos, Mary 98
Anderson, (Mrs) 114
Anderson, Janet 95
Anderson, Nell 173
Anderson, Ruby see Ginibi, Ruby Langford
Andrews, Ann 1 1
Argent, Emma 26,31
Argue, Catherine 34, 57
Armstrong, Kate 35, 150, 151
Armstrong, Rebecca 35, 1 51
Arnett, Zena 138
Arnott, Lenna 147
art education 164-5
artists 164-8
Ashby 57
Assyrians 50
Atkin, Eleanor 57, 58
Atkin, Margaret 57
Atkins, Elsie I IS
Atkins, Susannah 1 1 5
Atkinson, Elizabeth 160
auctioneers 1 1 5
Austen, Elizabeth 8 1
Australasian Trained Nurses' Association 53, 62, 66
Australian Labor Party 136, 138,139
Australian Railways Union auxiliaries 139

Bain, Catherine 26
Bain, Hazel 124
Bain, Ivy 36,124
Bain, Margaret 26
Baker, Mary 20
Baker, Philomena 77, 89
bakers 99, 113
Baldwin, Sarah 19
Bale family 42,124-5
Bale, (Mrs) 28
Bale, Priscilla see Wood, Priscilla
Ballina:
general 17, 40, 41, 122,130;
businesses 98, 103, 106;
health services 53,55,69;
education 77,82,87,88;
sport 149, 152,155,158
Bandler, Faith 145,164,173
Bangalow 57, 59, 65, 67, 70, 100,104
Banks, (Misses) 88
Banora Point 80
Barber, Margaret 72
Barker brothers 19
Barling, Annie 29, 51, 135, 136
Barlow, Jessie Marie 70
barmaids 105, 1 10
Barnes, Emily 21
Barnes, Lucie 139
Barnes, Mabel 72
Barnes, Muriel 70
Barrett, Audrey 162
Barrett, Hannah 17
Barrett, Mary Ann 45
Barrie, Ann 98
Barrie, Isabel 134
Barrie, Mary 128,134,143
Bartholomew, Millie 142
Bartlett,Louisa see Lumley, Louisa
Baryulgil 69, 91, 92, 94
Battis, Gertrude 37
Battistuzzi, (Miss) 34
Battistuzzi, Angelina 34
Battle, Mary 60
Baxter, Annie 8, 10, 150, 160, 170
Beale, (Miss) 137
Beaton, Theresa 55
Beatson, Jane see Roberts, Jane
Behan, Mary, see Foster, Mary
Bell, (Miss) 21
Bell, Mary 147
Bell, Mary Anne 56
Bellbrook 31,56,61,145,147,173
Bellear, Alice 93
Bellirnbopinni 160
Bellingen:
general 85, 130, 132, 148, 159, 162;
businesses 102, 108, 116, 117, 119, 120;
health services 53, 63, 66
Bellwood 102
benevolent institutions 126, 128-9
bicycles 159
Bennelong, Agnes 89
Bennelong, Freda 90
Bennett, Genevieve 139
Benson, Margaret 15
Bentley 37, 159
Bergin, Cecilia 89
Bemard, (Sister) 92
Berry, Maude 162
Berry, Sarah 108
Bexhill 48, 169
Bidner, Sarah Jane 59
Billinudgel 108,166
Bird, (Mrs) 89
Bird, Ann 9
Bird-Walton, Nancy 89, 117
Birkett, Mabel 40
Black Head 155
Blacker, Enuna 32
Blackman, (Miss) 63
Blackwall 151
Blackwell, Sheila 80
Blake, Caroline 174
Blake, Maric 78
Blanch, Alice 121
Bleechmore, Ruby 144
Blick, Mary Ann 95
Blunt, Ethel see Page, Ethel
Boambee 37, 55, 145
boarding houses 104,105, 111-5,122
Bobin 170
Bodley, Elizabeth see Nowlan, Elizabeth
Boelke, Grace 135, 136
Boland faniily 46-7
Boles, Alma see Fern, Alma
Bolt, Bertha 173
Bonalbo:
general 22, 49, 90, 118,173, 174-5;
CWA 131, 132, 133;
farms 34, 36;
health services 54, 56, 66, 67, 68
Bond, Lena see Martin, Lena
Bonner family 83
Bonney, (Miss) 102
Bonville 78, 101, 159
Booker, Emily 61
Boorie Creek 57
Boorman, Eileen 82
Booth, Mary 137
Bora Ridge 140
Bortobet, Piot 34
Boswell, Annabella see Innes, Annabella
Boughton sisters 58
Boultwood, Alma 11 6
Bower, Ada 142
Bowers, Jane 95
Bowraville 26, 30, 31, 92, 96, 97, 125
Bowtell family 33
Bowtell, Gladys 97
Bowtell, Phyllis see Sky, Phyllis
Box Ridge 46, 93, 94, 173
Boyd, Mary 17
Boyd, Millie 175
Boyd, Sarah 33
Braby, CE 11 2
Bradford, Betsy 134
Braithwaite, Alma 98
Bray, EM 176,177
Bray, Gertrude 27, 55, 143, 150,171
Bray, Isabella 54
Bray, Joshua 17, 71
Bray, Mary 55
Breckenridge, (Mrs) 75
Brennan, Muriel 45, 158
Briggs, Biddie 56
Brindle, Amelia 112
Broadwater 175
Brombin 75
Brongers, Eva 81
Brooms Head 103,149,152
Brown's Hill 44
Brown, Aileen 73,124,144,147
Brown, Isabella 105
Brown, Johanna 7
Brownfield, Lynda 118
Brownlie, Margery 103-4
Brunswick Heads 21, 81, 97, 15,154
Bryans, Annie 123
Bryant, Mary 7
Bucca 98
Buchanan, Maggie 1 14
Buchanan, Minnie 148, 162
Buckendoon 80,166
Buckman, Laurie 147
Bucton, Mary 58, 125, 140
Budd, Daphne 42, 98, 142
Budge, (Mm) 165
Bulga plateau 32,73, 112
Bull Island 25
Bundock family 18,19,20,24,88,156
Bundock, Ellen 18, 71, 164
Bundock, Mary 51, 71, 135, 150,164,168,173,176
Burke, Bridget see Smith, Bridget
Burleigh Heads 164
Burnt Bridge 32, 89, 92, 94
Burt, Margaret 1 19
Busbys Flat 23
Bush Book Club 172
Bush Nursing Association 54, 67-9,131
bushrangers 12
businesswomen 9,95,97-100,102-3,106,108,113,115,119
Butcher family I 10
Butcher, Elizabeth I 10
Byrne, (Mrs) 25
Byrne, (Sister Vianney) 65
Byrne, Margaret 46
Braby, CE 11 2
Bradford, Betsy 134
Braithwaite, Alma 98
Bray, EM 176,177
Bray, Gertrude 27, 55, 143, 150,171
Bray, Isabella 54
Bray, Joshua 17, 71
Bray, Mary 55
Breckenridge, (Mrs) 75
Brennan, Muriel 45, 158
Briggs, Biddie 56
Brindle, Amelia 112
Broadwater 175
Brombin 75
Brongers, Eva 81
Brooms Head 103,149,152
Brown's Hill 44
Brown, Aileen 73,124,144,147
Brown, Isabella 105
Brown, Johanna 7
Brownfield, Lynda 118
Brownlie, Margery 103-4
Brunswick Heads 21, 81, 97, 15,154
Bryans, Annie 123
Bryant, Mary 7
Bucca 98
Buchanan, Maggie 1 14
Buchanan, Minnie 148, 162
Buckendoon 80,166
Buckman, Laurie 147
Bucton, Mary 58, 125, 140
Budd, Daphne 42, 98, 142
Budge, (Mm) 165
Bulga plateau 32,73, 112
Bull Island 25
Bundock family 18,19,20,24,88,156
Bundock, Ellen 18, 71, 164
Bundock, Mary 51, 71, 135, 150,164,168,173,176
Burke, Bridget see Smith, Bridget
Burleigh Heads 164
Burnt Bridge 32, 89, 92, 94
Burt, Margaret 1 19
Busbys Flat 23
Bush Book Club 172
Bush Nursing Association 54, 67-9,131
bushrangers 12
businesswomen 9,95,97-100,102-3,106,108,113,115,119
Butcher family I 10
Butcher, Elizabeth I 10
Byrne, (Mrs) 25
Byrne, (Sister Vianney) 65
Byrne, Margaret 46
Chatsworth Island 106
Chauvel, Fanny 18, 148
Chenhall, Ann 12
Chester, Jean 64
childbirth 16-7,52-3,54-61,73
child care 16-7, 16-7, 124-8
Childs, Katherine 42
Chinese 39, 43
churches:
general 121-4;
Anglican 2,121,122,128,131,132;
Baptist 12 1;
Church of Christ 121;
Free Presbyterian 122;
Methodist 89, 121, 122, 171;
missions 124;
Presbyterian 1, 122, 128, 133;
Roman Catholic 2, 24, 86-7, 89, 121, 122, 123, 128,130,161;
Salvation Army 65,123-4,125;
see aLso Roman Catholic orders; education, denominational
Chisholm, Caroline 11
Chisholm sisters 161
Churchill, Anne 96
Cicolini, Mary Jane 122
Clancy, Bess see Sullivan, Bess
Clancy, Hanora 95
Clancy, Jane 32
Clancy, Ruby 123
Clarenza 1
Clark, Alice 26
Clark, Lynda 118
Clarke, Daisy 133
Clayton family 56
Clements, Elizabeth 112
clerical work 116-7
clothing :
commercial 37-8, 44, 100-2,142;
ironing 37,38,42;
making of 6,10,20,27,37,38, 44, 142, 168-70;
mending 30;
washing 22, 26-7, 30, 37, 38
Clouds Creek 54
Coe, Una 22
Coffs Harbour:
general 35,43,45, 48, 127, 139, 148. 162;
businesses 97,100-1,109,110,113, 1 17, 118;
education 73, 79, 80, 87, 88;
health services 53, 54, 58, 59, 60, 65;
sport 153, 154, 159
Cohen, Fanny 80
Cohen, Kitty 63
Collard, (Mrs) 166
Collard, Anna 164
Colleano family 148
Collins, Adelaide 79
Collins, Jane 95
Collumbul 14
Colwell, Sarah 85
Combe, Elizabeth see Campbell, Elizabeth
Combo, Rosy 1 10
Comboyne 54, 68, 78, 82, 123, 132,143
commerce:
clothing and millinery trade 50, 98, 110-2;
food trade 98, 100, 111, 113;
women in 95-103
community organisations:
general 125, 128-34;
fundraising 129-32
Condon sisters 104
Condong 45, 82, 84, 159
Conners, Nellie 148
Connor, Jeanie 39
Connors, Margaret 24
convicts 7-9
Cook family 83
Cook, Frances 151
Cooke, Isabella 169-70
cooks 19, 48, 113; see also food
Coolangatta 114, 151, 154, 162, 164
Coombes, Jessy see Daley, Jessy
Coombes, Mary Anne 112
Cooney, Bertha 150
Cooper, Mary Anne 112
Cooper, Nellie 159
Cooplacurripa 12
Cootamundra Girls' Home 44,46,93,94
Copland, I 103
Copmanhurst 91, 92
Coraki:
general 17,28,37,46,76,162;
businesses 98, 106, 111,113;
health services 53,61,62;
social life 140, 142, 147, 148;
sport 149, 151, 158
Coramba 45, 60, 61, 73, 127
Corindi 36
Corlis, Margaret 69-70
Corndale 169
Corowa, Phyllis 35, 93, 173
correspondence schooling 72, 73,80,174
Country Party 138, 139
Country Women' Association 54,131,132,133,134,169
Coutts Crossing 147
Cowan, (Nurse) 65
Cowan, Mary 119-20
Cowling, (Mrs) 51
Cowper 86, 87, 127, 128 Cox, E 114
Cox, Elizabeth 3 1. 1 51
Coxon, Jean 64
crafts 168-70
Crane, Lucy 176
Cravigan, Annie 20, 55
Cravigan, Maisie 122
Crawford, Alice 121
Crawford, Charlotte 37
Crawford, Marie 10 1
Croki 80,151,153
Crombie, Vincy 116
Crommelin, Beatrice 63
Crommelin, Emily 21
Cross, Anne Mary 74
Cross, Louisa see McIntyre, Louisa
Crowley, Grace 166
Crummer, Aikaterini 60
Cubawee 93
Cummings, Winnie 108
Cummins, Ann 106
Cummins, Sarah 58-59
Cumpstay, Fanny 159
Cundle Plains 25
Cundletown 33
Cupitt, (Mrs Tom) 95
Currabubula 138
Currey, SR 87-8
Currie, Sybelia 87
Curtis, (Granny) 5
Curtis, Elizabeth 56

dairy industry 23, 32-4, 37, 159
D'Arcy, (Mother Stanislaus) 86,152
D'Silva, Millie 142
da Silva, Margery see Brownlie, Margery
Daley, Jessy 34, 55
Daley, Louise Tiffany 176, 177
Daly, Elizabeth 112
Dangar, Anne 166
Daniels, Hannah Jane 106, 108,114
Darby, Louise 43, 124
Darley, Gwendoline I 1 1
Dart, Maud 117-8
Davidson, Nancy 165
Davis, (Mrs) 88
Davis, R 138
Dawbin, Annie see Baxter, Annie
Dawe, Ann see King, Ann
Day, (Mrs) 125
de Faur, Augusta 60
Debenham family 83, 144, 168
Deeble, Jessie 123-4
Deep Creek 167
Delves, Mary 124
Dennerley, Ethel 119
Dent, Mary 161
dentistry 51-2, 118
depressions (economic):
1840s I0, 11;
1890s 49;
1930s 33,38,40, 47,49-50,124,129,130
deserted wives 28, 56, 104, 125
Devlin sisters 19
Dick, Lizzie 393-40
Dingo Creek 74
Disputed Plains 36, 150
divorce 3
Dockrill, Margaret 72
doctors:
and bush nurses 68;
role in childbirth 60;
women 69-70
Dodds, Rita 173
Dolby, Hazel 140
domestic violence 16, 61, 125
Dondingalong 171
Donnelly, Ann 105
Donoghue, Catherine 8
Donoghue, Rita 123
Dooloomi 175
Doman, Catherine Ann 28
Dorrigo:
general 32, 42, 47, 82, 132,155,162,175;
health services 56, 67;
businesses 97, 99, 112;
social life 144,148
Dorrington family 83
Dorward, Sarah 58-9
Douglas, (Miss) 100, 169
Dowling, Mary 125
Downes family 95
Doyle, Mary 103
Doyle, Minnie 75
Drake 47
Drew, Mary Ann see Hoschke, Mary Ann
Driver, Henrietta see Smith Henrietta
Drury, Annie 123
Ducat family 15, 160
Duck, Susanna 34
Duffety, Margaret 14
Duggan, En-dly 92, 112
Dunbar, Agnes I 18
Duncan,Dulcie see Martin, Dulcie
Dungarubba 22,146
Dungie sisters 162
Dunnett, Christina 1 13
Durie, Lillian 42
Dwyer, (Mrs) 28
Dwyer, Bess 146
Dwyer, Lizzie 123
Dyraaba 20, 54, 72, 132

Eagleden, Emma 118
Eagles, Winifred 159
Eckford, Edith 37
Ede, Doris 85
Ede, Elsie 111
Edgar, Rosalind 87
education:
at home 71-74;
compulsory 76-85;
curriculum 78-9, 88, 93;
denominational 86-9, 92;
early schools 74-6;
private 75, 86-9;
statistics 71,75,78;
tertiary 80
Edwards, (Miss) 76
Edwards, Eliza
Edwards, Irene 170
Edwards, Marie 36
Eggert, Anna 25, 172
Eggert, Elizabeth 28
Eggert, Maria 172
Eggins, CE 114
Eggins, Thetis 162
Eichmann, Florence 82
Ekerebagh Island 176
Elder, Annie 1
elections:
federal 135-6,138;
NSW 135-6,138
Ellem, Heather 47
Elliott, (Mrs) 42
Ellis' Dulcie 102
Ellis, Havelock 11 1-2
Ellis, Mary 102
Elvery, Maria 87, 88, 135
Emigrant Creek 16. 55
Empire Day 144,155
Empire Vale 79, 80, 155
English, (Mrs) 94
entertainments:
general 10, 144-9;
camping 148-9;
circuses 148;
dances 11,42,145-6,162,164;
Fishing 159;
milking competitions 159;
movies 44, 148;
musical 145-6, 162, 164;
picnics 121, 145;
roller skating 155;
shows 147;
sports days 146-7;
suppers 146;
tennis 145, 156;
visiting 40, 42, 145
Esk Island 71
Ettrick station 19, 20
Eugene, (Miss) 148
Eungella 35, 93
Evans Head 102, 126, 132, 133, 149,154
Evans, Doris 85
Evans, Eliza 75
Evans, Mary 85
Everson, Myra 21
Everson, Viney 116
Ewingsdale 162
Exton, Harriet 57

Failford 50, 144,147
farming 24-38
Farrugia, (Mrs Antonio) 97
Fattorini Island 31, 32
Felstead, Muriel 70
Felton, Glad 158
Fenn, Mary 30
Fenning, Irsaula 73
Fern, Alma 73, 1 10
Fernbrook 97
Fernleigh 142
Fernside 37
Ferry, Julia 104
Fields, (Mrs) 124
Figtree Valley 30
Filicietti, (Mrs) 34
Finga1 44,94,143,145,146,151
Fisher, Catherine 8
Fisher, Rosetta 76
fishing 34, 159
Fitzgerald, Catherine 37
Fitzhenry, Ellen 5 I
Fitzroy, Ada 67
Fleming family 83
Flynn family 40
Fogarty, Mary 161
Follent, Florence 62
food:
collection 5-6;
cooking 5-6,11, 27-8,37,48,143,169;
cultivation 11, 28, 34, 39-40, 44;
social occasions 10, 42, 140, 144,145,146
Foong Yung family 43
Forbes River 55
Ford family 95
Ford, Jane Ann 55
Ford, Leila see Sharkey, Leila
Ford, Martha 16
Ford, May 132
Ford, Vashti 43, 116
Fordyce, Elizabeth 84
Forrester, Elizabeth 58
Foster, Mary 8, 9
fostering 125-6,128
Fowler, Rebecca 74, 76
Fox, Mary 30
Francis, AE 129
Francis, Annie see Cravigan, Annie
Franklin, Minnie see Buchanan, Minnie
Frazer family 41
Fredericks, Alma 166
Freebum, Ivy 126
Freeburn, Jane 39
Freeman, (Mrs James) 25, 30
Frew, Lillian 42
Frith, Edith 65
Fryer, Elizabeth 75
Fryer, Fanny 127
Fulford, Elizabeth 104
funerals 142-3
Furby, Mary 8
Furionger, Patricia see Wrightson, Patricia
Furnifull, Sarah 63
Fyfe, Connie 85

Gabriel, (Miss) 166
Gabriel, Rhoda 56
Gaddes, Christina 96
Gainen, (Mrs) 133
Gannons Creek 72
Gardiner, Catherine see Griffiths, Catherine
Garland, Wilhelmina 33
Garlick, Phyllis 72, 73
Garrard, Annie see Barling, Annie
Garrard, Mary 19, 160
Gatty, Lena 142
Gawler, Grace 134
Geddes, Ann 57
Geering, Gladys I 10
Germans 19, 25, 31, 45, 71, 113, 172
Ghinni Ghi 47, 54, 68, 1 50
Gibson, Edna 151
Gibson, Ellen 131
Gibson, Sophia 113
Giese, (Mrs) 98
Giles, Alice 142, 166, 169
Giles, Jacobina 48, 55
Gill, Doreen 80, 116,159
Gill, Elsie 100, 172
Gill, Margaret 64, 65
Gill, Muriel 100
Gillhespy, Edith 65
Ginibi, Ruby Langford 61,90,173
Giovanelli family 162
Giovanelli, Vera 162,163
Girard, Mary 22
Girvan, Jean 79
Gladstone 85, 160
Glascott, (Mrs Richard) 16, 55
Gleniffer 57
Glenreagh 48,100,108
Glenrock Plains 9
Gollan, (Ma) 102
Good Templars 109, 134, 147
Goolmangar 57, 58
Gordon, (Miss) 81
Gordon, Daphne 82
Gordon, Ellie 100, 101, 113
Gordon, Mary 100
Gordon, Pauline 94
Gordonbrook 20,90
Gore, Alice 58
Gorry, Jean 63
Gould, Doris see Wilson, Doris
governesses 1, 71-2, 127
Gower, Dorothy 146
Grace, Mary Jane 30
Gradwell, (Mrs) 103
Grafton:
general 1, 42, 143, 1 164,172,174,175;
Aborigines 43.45,160,174;
businesses 9 101, 111, 112, 116, 119
churches 121, 122, 123;
early settlement 18. 19, 25, 38, 3 174;
education 71, 78, 79, 84, 85, 86, 89;
health service 53, 60, 61, 62, 63, 65;
hotels 105, 106, 107, 108, 110;
music 160, 161;
organisations 126 129,130,131;
politics 135,137 138;
South Grafton 39,65,102 108, 111, 139;
sport 149, 152, 158, 159
Graham, Eva 50, 142,169
Graham, Sarah Jane 113
Grant, Agnes I 1 8
Gray, (Miss) 78
Gray family (Casino) 126
Gray, Margaret 59
Gray, Mary 55
Greeks 43, 60, 88
Green Pigeon 60
Greenhill 92
Greenstreet family 105-6,107,137
Greer, Ellen 162
Gregory, Bessie 82
Gridi, Jackie and family 20
Grieve, Isabella 35-6
Grieve, Maud 151
Griffiths, Catherine 72, 87
Grogan, (Sister) 47
Guildford, Matron 65
Guiren, (Matron) 65
Gundurimba 16,34,38,122
Gurney, (Mrs James) 30
Gypsies 50

Hackett, Ann 106
Haines, Maria 103
Hall, Annie 125
Halloran, Alice 105
Hammond, Dulcie 102
Hanging Rock 142
Hankinson, Kate 34
Hannah 56
Hardacre, Heather 47
Harris, Alice see Giles, Alice
Harris, Bridget 105
Hards, Rena 63
Harston, Catherine 128
Hart, Perry 162
Harvey sisters 114
Harwood Island 55
Haslam, (Nurse) 63
Hastings 54
Hatton, Maud 57
hawkers 16,44,50,98
Hayes, Mary 22
Hayward, Edna 151
Heathcote, Mabel 72
Heffernan, Cathy 100
Henry, May 128
Henry, Myra 21
Hepworth, Dorothy 81
Herdegen, Margaret 118
Herons Creek 34
Hewitson, Sybella 87
Hewitt, TM 129
Hicks, Elsie 111
Hicks, Freda 57
Hindmarsh, Elizabeth 104
Hindmarsh, Isabel 134
Hinett family 22,173
Hiscocks, Ella 93
history 175-8
Hobbs, Elizabeth 76
Hodge, Una 78
Hodgkinson, Lorna 1, 118
Hodgkinson, Mary 103
Hoffman, (Mrs) 98
Hoffman, Ellie 82, 96, 133, 172;
see also McCauley, Ellie
Hogan, (Miss) 86
Hogan, Clarice 161
Hollingworth, Ann see King, Ann
Holton family 15
Hook, Lurline 152
Hopf family 149
Hopman, Muriel 112, 155
Horseman, Eliza 75
horsewomen 12,35-6, 150-1
Horseshoe Creek 79
horticulture 118
Horwood, Alice 45
Hoschke, Mary Ann 26, 27, 31
hospitals:
fundraising 129-30;
management 63, 65-7;
private 53-4, 58-60, 63, 127;
public 53, 54, 59;
statistics 53-4;
training 62-3
hotel trade 103-111
housing:
affluent 9-10, 18-9, 25, 40, 41;
camps 43, 44, 47-50;
rural 10-22, 18, 26, 29, 37-8;
town 40,41
Howe, Ann see Bird, Ann
Hughes, Alice 26
Humphreys, Adelaide 79
Hunt, Gladys 168
Huntingdon 95, 166
Hutchby, Cathy 127
Hynes, Hilda 44, 101, 110, 122
Ide, Janet 95
ill health 30-1
Imerson, Elizabeth 112
immigrants 1,19,24,25,26,30,37
inequality:
in sport 149, 152, 153;
in teaching 84-5;
of minorities 3;
of women 3;
office employees 116
infant mortality 52-3, 60
infectious diseases 14, 31, 52, 65,130
Innes,Annabella 10, 140,164,169,170-1
Innes, Margaret 9, 10, 14, 71, 104
Inskip family 157
Irby sisters 167, 168, 174
Irish I 1, 19, 24, 104
Irving, (Mrs) 92
Irwin, (Miss) 81
Italians 34, 37, 43, 97, 122

James, Christina 23
Jamieson, Agnes 96
Jarrett, Sarah 33
Jarvis family 35
Jenkins, Connie 32, 73, 132, 174
Jenner, Annie 127
Jennings. Josephine 62
Jerseyville 151
Jobson, Vera 66-7
Johns River 159
Johnson, Maria 172
Johnson, Mary 20
Jones Island 80, 122
Jones, Anne 144
Jones, Connie see Jenkins, Connie
Jones, Elizabeth 176
Jones, Harriet 57
Jones, Ida Rose 176
Joubert, Peg 1 1 5
Julius, Una 78

Kane, Jane 30
Kapeen, Bertha 173
Kathleen 50
Kay, Margaret 175, 177
Keelgyrah 18
Keevers, Bella 100
Kelleher, Margaret 166
Kelly family (Cannons Creek) 73
Kelly family (Urunga) 36
Kelly, Ann 11
Kelly, Essie 31, 56, 91
Kelly, Isabella 11, 13, 177
Kelly, Minnie see Quinlan, Minnie
Kemp family 10, 11, 14,52
Kemp, Dallas 34
Kemp, Ellen 15, 150, 164,174
Kemp, Maud 151
Kempsey: general 11,45,137,147,158,166,167,174;
businesses 102, 115, 116;
education 74, 76, 79, 80;
health services 53, 58,59,62,63,64-5,66;
organisations 124, 129, 131;
West Kempsey 92, 111
Kendall 89,140
Kennedy, Bridget 11
Kenny, (Mrs) 176
Kenny, Ellen 162
Kent, Vera 81
Kerr, Mary I 50
Kerr, Mavis 153
Kerr, May 45
Kerrison, Margaret 19
Kesteven, (Miss) 88
Kieft, Edie 154
Kilgin 46
Killawarra 45
Kimbriki 11, 168
Kinchela 94,160
Kindred, (Nurse) 59
King family 15
King, (Mrs Les) 157
King, Ann 38
King, Hannah 17
Kinghom, (Mrs) 137
Kingscliffe 49
Kinnear, Georgina 9
Kirchner, William 25
Kirkpatrick, Irene 62, 73, 156
Kirkpatrick, Mary 58
Kirton family 112
Klenk, Emily 23
Knauer, Lottie 52
Knowles, Florence 110
Koolkhan 90, 94
Koree Island 50
Krambach 87
Kunddibark 54
Kurrara 80
Kynnumboon 27
Kyogle:
general 38, 43, 56, 60, 131, 158;
businesses 97, 98, 101,102

L'Amie, Eileen 68
La Fontaine, Perry 162
Laidman, Frances 132
Lake Innes 9, 10, 14, 150, 170
Lake, M 153
Lalor, Olive 137
Lambert, Evelyn 112
Lance, Enid 63
Lane, Rosanna 16
landowners 9, 12, 24, 31, 95, 103
Lang, Charlotte 72
Lange, Myrtle 116
Langhorne, Elizabeth 75
Langley, (Sister) 58
Lansdowne 100, 115
Lardner, Fanny 172
Lardner, Grace 5 I
Larkin, Lily 64
Latimore, Maria 130
Laurie, Bella 114
Laurie, Della see Walker, Della
Laurieton 56, 83, 116, 144, 147,168
Lavis, Edith 37
Law, Annie 100
Law, Barbara 55
Law, Jane Ann 55
Lawrence 42, 110, 124
Lazell, (Matron) 66
Lebanese 98
Lee, S 135
Lennox Head 11 8
Leonard, Mary 102
Lever, Lesley see Taylor, Lesley
Lewis, (Mrs) 150
Lewis, Ellen 63
Lewis, Emily 95
Leycester 159
Liberal Party: (pre-1944) 134,136; (1944+) 1
libraries 9, 170, 171, 172
Lillingston family 22-3, 88, 143,
Lillingston,Jessie 23,73,150,158; see also Street, Jessie
Lillingston, Mabel 22-3, 164
Limeburners Creek 11, 71
Lindendale 28, 145, 171
Lindsay family 95, 96, 166
Lindsay, Ginger 42
Ling, Rosetta 76
Linwood family 31, 32
Lismore:
general 35,42,43,46-7,49,143,146,170,176;
businesses 98,111,115,116,117,118;
early settlement 16, 38, 39, 176;
education 72, 76, 77, 79, 84, 86, 87;
health services 52, 58, 59, 61, 65, 66, 70;
midwives 56, 57, 58, 59;
music 160,161,162;
organisations 70, 122,126,128-9,130,131,134;
politics 135, 136, 137. 139;
sport 152, 155, 156, 157
Lismore station 17, 20, 22,
Litchfield, (Miss) 160
Little Dingo 121
Little Run 82
Little, Sarah 20
Livingstone family xii, I
Livingstone, Catherine I
Livingstone, Catherine Jane xii, I
Lizzie 56, 57
local government 3, 139
Lochrin, (Mrs) 110
Lock, (Matron) 62
Logan, Elizabeth 112
Long family 39,43
Long, Cathy 127
Lowe, Doris 139, 172
Lowe, Ellen 131
Lowrey, Hazel 37,141
Luffman, Laura Bogue 136
Lulham, Isabella 95
Lumley, Louisa May 41,147,149,171
Lumley, Maisie 149
lying-in homes see hospitals, private
Lynchs Creek 84
Lyndon, Florence 127
Lyndon, Topsy 145

McAdoo, Margaret 80
MacBride, (Sister) 69
McCallum, Noni 102
McCauley, Ellie 82, 83; see also Hoffman, Ellie
McCosh, Catherine see Griffiths, Catherine
McDermott, (Mrs) 56
McDonald, Bridget 20
MacDonald, Catherine 1
McDonald, Elizabeth 59
McDonald, Jess 78
McDonald, Rita 123
McDonell, Ellen 86
McDonough, Mary 161
McDougall, Jessie 40
MacFarlane, Christina 23
McGettigan, Eliza 80
McGrath, Alice 104
McGregor, Eliza 24
McGregor, Jean 172
MacGregor, Mary 45
McGuren, Rose Ann 58
McInnes, (Miss) 156
Mclnnes, Bella 147
McInnes, CG 126
Mclnnes, Flo 46
McInnes, Monica 38
Macintyre, EC 172
McIntyre, Louisa (Cross) 8, 11, 71
McIntyre, Louisa see Parker, Louisa
Mclntyre, Margaret 22
Mackay, (Mrs) 54
McKay, Annie 125
Mackay, Barbara 27
Mackay, Elizabeth 11 5
McKay, Emily see Yarnold, Emily
McKay, Isabella 26
McKay, Jane 55-6
McKay, Louisa 96
MacKay, Margaret 26
Mackay, Mary Jane 30
McKcnzie, Marie 84
McKerrow, Dorothy 62
McKinnon, Annie see Campbell, Annie
McKinnon, Eleanor 138
McKittrick,(Mrs JT) 102,129,130
Mackney, Elizabeth see Greenstreet, Elizabeth
Macksville 58,116
McLachlan, Violet 89,159
McLaren, Lizzie 39-40
Maclean:
general 75,82,123,125,126,129,133;
businesses 100,101, 104,113,118,119;
health services 53, 57, 61, 69
McLean, (Mrs) 127
McLean, Ann 75
Maclean, Dulcie 82
McLean, Marjorie 128, 174
MacLean, Mary see Barrie, Mary
McLeans Ridges 25
McLeay, Frances 132
Macleay, Margaret see Innes, Margaret
McLennan, (Miss) 102
McLennan, Freda 57
McLennan, Genevieve 139
McMahon, Hannah 110
McMaugh, (Mrs) 148, 162
McMaugh, Caroline 174
McMillan, Maria 36,79, 150
McMillan, Sarah 100
McPaul, Emma 32
McPaul, Kitty 10 I
McPhee, Maisie 122
McPherson, (Mrs George) 11
McPherson, Annie 118
McPherson, Ellen 133
McPherson, Jess 78
McPherson, Louise see Darby, Louise
MacPherson, Sarah 31
McPhersons Crossing 31
McPhie, Catherine 8
McRoberts, Jane 9, 74
Magee, Mary 58
Maguire family 15
Maher, Ella 78. 82
Maher, Margaret 44, 124
Main Camp 160
Mainey, Margaret 24
Mainey, Queenie 32,145
Maizegrove 59
Makinson, Margaret 11 8
Mallam, (Mrs) 147
Mallett, Bridget 20
Maloney, Ann 75
Maltese 137
Manning, Maude 61
Marks family 28
Marks, Lydia 135
Marquet, Jean 80
marriage 3,6,9,16,21-2,140-2
Marsh, (Mrs) 55
Marsh, Emma 26
Martens, Conrad 164
Martin family 73
Martin, (Nurse) 59
Martin, Dulcie 78, 80
Martin, Ivy see Bain, Ivy
Martin, Lena 45, 141, 169
Martinelli, Maria 35
Martins, Sarah 103
Marwick, Em 158
Mary Jane 56
Mason, Ann 158
maternity homes see hospitals, private
Matheson, Marjory 75
Matterson, Elizabeth 23
Maxwell, Lucie 139
May, Bridget 11
Mayers, Mabel 43, 116
Mayhew, Mary 60
Meaney, Winifred 62
Meanley, Maria 24, 105, 107
medicines 5 1-2
Mee, Fanny 172
Meehan, Catherine 46
Melba, Nellie 161
Middle Creek 73
Midgee Garrett Island 144
midwifery 22, 31, 54-9, 61, 95,112,125
migration, internal 25, 32
Millard, Maud 147
Millership, Nellie 47
Mills, Ann 11
Mills, Caroline 36
Mills, Essie see Kelly, Essie
Mills, Iris 153
Millson, Catherine 8
Milsom, Anna 57,132
mining 47
Minto/Brown see Smith, Henrietta
Miranda, (Mrs) 124
Mitchell, Ella 144
Mitchell, Margaret 57
Mobbs, Annie (O'Grady) 106
Mobbs, Annie 103
Montgomery, A 108
Moonaba 15, 160
Mooney sisters 104
Mooney, Katherine 68
Mooral Creek:
general 78, 81, 95, 140, 143, 145, 146;
sport 149, 150,155,156
Moorlands 112
Morad, Elisha 50
Moran family 145
Morcom, (Mrs) 36
Morgan, (Mrs) 9
Morgan, Rosanna 16
Morris, Daphne 82
Morrison, Lena 101, 102
Mortimer,Mary see Garrard, Mary
Morton, Glad 45, 73
Mosely family 31-2
motor cars 38, 60, 159
Mouatt, Lily 96
Mouatt, M 147
Mount George 12,117
Mountcastle, (Nurse) 60
Muir, Joan 11 6
Mullingen, (Miss) 81
Mullumbimby:
general 32,34,48,49,142,143,162,169;
businesses 103, 119;
education 76, 81, 88;
health services 55, 57;
organisations 123, 125, 130, 131,132;
sport 151,152,159
Mundine, Ponjam 20
Munro, Jessie 75
Murphy, (Sister Columba) 43
Murray, Heather 73, 143
Murray, Mary 17
Murray-Prior, Mary see Bundock, Mary
Murwillumbah:
general 35,42,49, 123,139,145,161,166;
businesses 98, 102;
education 79, 86, 89;
health services 50, 65;
sport 158,159
music:
general 160-4;
teachers of 160-1;
notable performers 161-2;
popular 145-6,162,164
Muter, Maisie 149
Mylestom 148
Myocum 98,146,166,169
Myrtle Creek 105

Nabiac 59,95,147
Nagle, Bridget 20
Nambucca 90,102,119,162
Nambucca Heads 59,82,92, 110
Nana Glen 43, 90
Napp, Margaret 16
Nardi family 145
natural disasters:
drought 1,22,32, 37;
fire 37,43;
flood 16,30,37,39,104,113,129
Neath, Rene 152
neighbouring 55
Nelson, (Mrs) 115
Ness, (Mrs) 57
New Italy 34, 90, 144, 145, 166
New State movement 138,139
New, Alice 105
Newby, Hazel 140
Newell, (Nurse) 113
Nowell, Sarah Jane 113
Newlands, L 95
Newry Island 57
Newrybar 33, 82
newspaper proprietors 9, 119-20
Newton family 73
Newton, Hannah 177
Newton, Margaret 74
Newton, Maria see Meanley, Maria
Nimbin 43,45,57,78,79,87,103,158
Nimmo, Sarah 56
Ninness, Mary Ann 45
Nixon, Florence 126-7
Nixon, Gertrude see Bray, Gertrude
Nixon, Sarah Jane 59
Noble, Jess 162
Northcott, Anne 170
Northcott, Winifred 62
Notaras, Anthony 43, 88
Nowendoc 52,60,147
Nowlan, Elizabeth 121,140,142,144,168
Nulla Nulla 31, 91
nurses:
general 61-70;
conditions of work 64-5, 68;
training 61-63
Nutt, Harriet 97, 99
Nymboida 51, 56, 92, 112, 139


O'Brien, (Miss) 88
O'Brien, Margaret 111
O'Connor, Bel 56
O'Connor, Margaret 102
O'Gorman, Edith 42
O'Grady, (Mrs) 113
O'Grady, Annie 106
O'Grady sisters (Grafton) 168
O'Neil, Alice 85
O'Rourke, Bridget 105
O'Rourke, Mary 98, 100
O'Sullivan, Nellie 113
O'Sullivan, Nora 65
Oakes, (Mrs) 114
Oakes, Marjorie 176
OBX Creek 82
Ogilvie, Edward 18, 20, 22
Ogilvie, Ellen see Bundock, Ellen
Ogilvie, Mabel see Lillingston, Mabel
Ogilvie, Mary 90
Ogilvie, Theodosia 18,22,150,164
Old Bar 146, 151, 154, 158, 159
Olley, Elizabeth 57
Olley, Grace 172
Olley, Hannah 58
Olley, Margaret 166-7
Orara 37, 51, 55, 95, 100, 127
orphans 125, 128
Oxenford, Gladys 170

Pacey, Freda 90
Page, (Mrs) 60
Page, Ethel 63, 129, 138
Paine, R 129
Palmers Island 55
Panton, Clementina 103
Pappinbarra 134
Parents' and Citizens' Associations 84,132,133
Parker, Anne Mary 74
Parker, Louisa (McIntyre) 71, 172
Parker, Louisa 172
Parsons, Heather 73, 143
party politics 136-9
pastoralists 14, 17-23
Patten, Pauline 94
Pearce, Gwen 34
Pearson, Eileen 104
Pearson, Eliza 76
Pee Dee 90
Pegg, Sarah 20
Pegus, Emma 96, 97
Penrose, Susie 119
Perdriau, I 133
Perks, Emily 97
Perrett, Isabella 105
Perrin, (Mrs) 45
pharmacy 117-8
Phemister, Mary see Mary Slade
Phillips, (Mrs) 56
Phillips, Nina 112, 126
photography 115-6
Piccoli, Piot 34
pilots 117
Piora 56
Piper, Sarah 8
Pipers Creek 80
Platt, Mary 30
Platts, May 45
Pledger, Eliza 66
Plessas, Aikaterini 60
Pocock, Bessie 63
politics 134-9
Pollack, Noni 102
Ponton, Gertie 175
population:
characteristics 2;
growth 2, 38, 74-5
Port Macquarie:
general 16,34,136,137,165,168,170,172;
businesses 103,104,111,116,119;
early settlement 2,7-1 1;
education 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 160;
health services 53, 60, 62, 66;
sport 155,158;
townlife 39,40, 42,43,140,148
postmistresses 95-7, 105, 112
Pountney, Ethel 1 19
Powell, Isabella 56
Power, Addie 110-1
Priest, Alma see Milsom, Alma
Prindable, Ellie see Gordon, Ellie
professions 4, 117-9
Progress Associations 112, 133
psychology 97. 118
Pullen, (Mrs) 160 Pullen, Amy 169
Punchbowl 63
punt operators 1 15
Purfleet 44,46,91,93,124,148,162,172
Pyers, Enuna 115

Queybaum and family 20
Quinlan, Minnie 90, 91, 93, 172-3

Rafferty, Agnes 110
railway workers 40, 48-50, 111,112
Raleigh 48, 78. 80, 96, 119
Ralston family 56
Ramornie 19,90,165
Rankin, Genevieve 62
Rankin, Jane (Lismore) 76
Rankin, Jane 30
Rankine, Isabella 56
Rawdon Island 77, 95
Red Cross 65, 128, 130-4, 137, 138, 147
Redbank 74
Reed, (Mrs Benjaniin) 74
Reed, Rosalind 87
referendums:
6 pm closing 1916 137;
conscription 1916 137-8
Regatta Island 151
Reid, Lillian 98
Reithmuller, N 172
Repton 48
Reynolds, Eliza 7
Rhall, Johanna 106
Richardson, Gertrude 139
Richardson, Mary 72
Rigby, Dorothy 146
Ring, (Ma) 108
Riordan, Jessie 75
Riordan, Mary 61
Rishworth, Rebecca 28, 143, 145, 171
Robb, Margery see Brownlie, Margery
Roberts, Grace 46, 89 see also Smith, Grace
Roberts, Jane 65, 130, 138
Roberts, Lily 90
Roberts, Mamie 77, 82, 85
Roberts, Winifred 162
Robertson, Ann 98
Robertson, Jane 22
Robinson, Charlotte 57
Robinson, Clara 47
Robinson, Thomas 45
Robson, Charlotte 72
Rogers, Florence 62
Rogers, Jane 171
Rolfe, Gertrude 37
Rollands Plains 8,14,27,72,103,124
Roman Catholic orders:
Presentation sisters 43, 86, 166;
Good Samaritan sisters 87;
Sisters of Mercy 86, 87, 128;
Sisters of St Joseph 87;
Ursuline Sisters 40, 87
Ros, Lucia 37
Rose, Dorothy 62
Rosini, (Mademoiselle) 148
Rosolen, R 133
Ross, Janet 95
Rothery, (Miss) 90
Rous 155
Rowe, Amy 123
Rowland, Sarah 20
Rowlands Creek 157
Rudder, Rhoda 56
Rudder, Ruth 167, 168
Runnymede 37,55,72,104
rural labourers 20, 49
Russell, Mamie see Roberts, Mamie
Russell, Susan 54
Ryan, Flo 123
Salmon, Ann see Bird, Ann
Saltwater 148
Sandilands 22
Sands, (Mrs George) 100
Sands, Elsie see Gill, Elsie
Sanotti, Angelina 34
Saville, EC 129
Saville, Elizabeth 23
Sawyer, Alice 58
Schaeffer, Dorothea 116
Schauman, Jane 39
Schmidt, (Mrs) 31
Schneider, Ada 48, 126
Schools of Arts 171-2
Scots 1, 24, 26, 122, 133
Scott, Elizabeth 54
Scott, Hannah 177
Scott, Rose 135
Scroope, Mary Anne 46
Searle, Mary 71
Seccombe, Evelyn 159
Seccombe, Tottie 47, 55
Secomb, Jane 171
Secombe, Elizabeth 75
sectarianism 42-43
Seelands 85, 151
self nursing 5 1-2
Selwyn, Rose 39,45,71,90,121,143,145,164-5,174
servants:
assigned 7-8, 10;
domestic 8, 10, 19-23, 36, 38, 45;
hotel trade 110, 112;
rural 10, 19-23, 36, 126
sewing machines 27, 29, 38, 48, 100,169
sex education 61, 73-4, 126, 127
Shannon, Mary 97
Sharkey, Leila 145, 161
Shea, Doreen 153
Shea, Thelma 154
Shearer, Ann 57
Shearer, Christina 113
Shelley, Dallas 34
Shephard, Vera 43
Shepherd, Melinda 142
Sherwood 150,167
Short, Amy 169
Simes, Hannah 58
Simon, Ella 46,54,142,172
Sinclair, Nina see Phillips, Nina
single mothers 50, 61,72,126,127
Singleton, (Sister) 150
Sisters of Mercy 87
Sisters of St Joseph 87
Sjostrom, Eliza 75
Skinner, Elsie 73; see also Tyler, Elsie
Skinner, Maria 130
Skinner, Susan 40, 42, 57
Sky, Phyllis 33, 52, 170
Slade, Mary 84, 86, 88, 151
Slater, Margaret 66
Slockee, Isobel 44, 49, 146
Small, Maisie I 1 9
Small, Margaret 74
Smith, (Mrs) 148
Smith, Bridget 17, 71
Smith, Elizabeth (Langhome) 75
Smith, Elizabeth (Olley) 57
Smith, Ella 93
Smith, Grace 94; see also Roberts, Grace
Smith, HC 138
Smith, Henrietta 47, 105
Smith, JI 129
Smith, Louise 92
Smith, Mary see Bucton, Mary
Smith, Minnie 89
Smith, Monica 46
Smith, Violet see McLachlan, Violet
Smith-Butt, Aileen see Brown, Aileen
Smithtown 161
Snow, Edith 97
social life:
inequality in 21-2, 40, 42;
isolation 11-2, 36, 37, 54; see also entertainments
soldier settlers 37
Solferino 49, 108
Somerville Jean 114
Sommerlad, Hazel see Lowrey, Hazel
Soorley, Ann 158
South Sea Islanders 35,44,49
South Solitary Island 48
South West Rocks:
general 34,52, 56,131,152;
businesses 96, 97, 103, 110
Southgate 25
Spinaze, Mary 166
sport:
general 149-59;
cricket 158-9;
croquet 158;
golf 158;
hockey 158;
horseriding 150-1;
in schools 155-6;
lifesaving 152-5,
netball 155;
roller skating 155;
rowing 151, 153;
sports days 146-7;
surfing 152-5;
swimming IS 1-2;
tennis 156-8
Spring sisters 162
Stace, (Miss) 147
Staff, Charlotte 37
Stamford, Fanny 162
Standford, Gladys 42, 170
station life 10-5. 17-24
Stenmark, Christina 23
Stewart, (Mrs) I I I
Stewart, Audrey 162
Stewart, Jessic Marie 70
Stitt, Maisie 1 19
Stocks, Maud 117-8
Stone, Ada see Schneider, Ada
Stone, Eileen 82
Stone, Elizabeth 103
storekeepers 97-8
stores, department 97, 102
Strathcedar 156
Stratheden 85
Stredwick, Vera 162, 163
Street Jessie 164, 174; see also Livingston, Jessie
Stucley, Eleanor 84, 85
Stucley, Ruby 116
Styles, Florence 104
suffrage, women's 135-6
Sullivan family 148
Sullivan, Bess 82, 144
Supple, Mary see Foster, Mary
surf life saving clubs 153,154, 1 55
Surman, Jeanie 39
Suters, Eva see Graham, Eva
Suters, Hazel 124
Swan Bay 78, 87
Sweetin, Ann 101
Sweetnam, Esther 45
Sweetnam, Irene 161
Sylvia 160

Tabulam:
general 47,97,98,138,148,173,175;
education 84, 85, 93;
health services 54, 67, 69
Tabulam station 17. 18, 21
Tally, Melinda 142
Taree:
general 44,46,110,139,144,146,147,148;
education 74, 76, 79, 80, 81, 91;
health services 57, 58, 59;
organisations 123,124,131;
sport 155, 156,158
Tarrant, Marjorie 81
Taylor, (Mrs) 59
Taylor, Eliza 176
Taylor, Ethel 68, 69
Taylor, Lesley 67, 68
teachers:
Aboriginal schools 92-3;
conditions of work 76, 78, 81-2, 84-5, 87, 93;
sewing 76, 83;
sport 155;
training 75, 82, 84-5, 93
temperance movement 109,134-5
Temperley, Grace 172
Tennant, Kylie 83
Terranora 17
Teven 95
The Hatch 77, 82
The Pocket 134
The Risk 36, 156
Thomas, Mary 97
Thomas, Melva 175
Thompson, Doris see Lowe, Doris
Thompson, Tillie 14
Thora 95
Thornton, Florence 127
Tilston, Mary 30
Timbarra 105
timber getters 15,16,17,24,33,34,47
Tindal family 19,55
Tindal, Mary 55, 90, 165
Tinonee 58,122
Tintenbar 93
Tisdall, Christina 43
Tomki 31, 57
Tooloom 17, 47, 56, 75, 175
Torrens, Mary 98
tourist trade 110, 111, 113-5, 149
Townsend 41, 73, 145
Townsend, Mary Jane 23
Tranter, Florence 62
Tree Fern Vale 81
Trial Bay 7,113
Trotter, (Nurse) 57
Trotter, Mary 30
Tucki Tucki 72, 75, 77, 84, 90
Tuckombil station 20
Tulk, Jessie 35, 48
Tumbulgum 173
Tunstall 19, 72, 87
Turners Flat 24, 32, 76, 83, 144, 145
Tweed Heads:
general 17, 24, 40, 49, 87, 122, 131, 176;
businesses 17,100,113,114, 115;
health services 53, 56;
sport 154,158,
Tyalgum 89, 150
Tyler, Elsie 40, 145, 149, 174
Tyndale 25
typing 116
Tyringharn 105
Tyson, Annie 56

Uki:
general 33, 35, 113, 132, 144;
education 77, 82, 85, 87;
health services 57, 61, 65
Ulgundahi Island 78, 93, 94, 142, 156, 173,
Ulmarra 26,104
Ulong 47, 48
Upper Dingo 81
Upper Lansdowne 122
Urben Ellen 47
Urbenville 54, 68, 98, 172
Urunga 36, 85
Valla 91
Van Eppen, (Mr) 78
Vardy, Edna 159
Vardy, Ellen 52
Verge, Gerinan 31
Vergilius, (Sister) 87
Vidler, Ida Rose 176
Vincent, MG 175
Virginia station 15, 17
Vost, Esme see Addison, Esme

Wade, Susanna 34
Wakely, Sarah 97
Waldron, Phyllis see Garlick, Phyllis
Waldron, Sarah 101
Wales, Alice 93
Walker, Della 78,114,173,175
Walker, Eliza 176
Walker, Elizabeth 111
Walker, Margaret see Gill, Margaret
Walker, Muriel see Brennan, Muriel
Wall, Peg 158
Wallaby Creek 82
Wallace, JA 124
Walsh, Margaret 15
Ward, Blanche 161-2
Wardell 41, 115, 122, 147, 149, 171
Warlters family 8, 72
Waters, Jane 30
Watson, Anne 72
Watson, Audrey 78
Watson, Elizabeth 28
Watson, Tottie see Seccombe, Tottie
Watt, Ann see Bird, Ann
Wattle Day 168
Watts, Elizabeth 58
Wauch, Anna 164
Wauchope: general 36,43,124,142,143,158,164,169;
businesses 102, 106;
education 73, 75, 165
Wauchope Historical Society 166
Way family 33
Way, Marlene 79
Webb, Evelyn 61
Webber, Josephine 62
weddings 21-2,140-2
Weiley, Alma 98
Weiley, Florence 159
Welsh 32
West Kempsey 92, 111
Whalan, Ann 105
Wherrol Flat 121
White, Maria see Meanley, Maria
White, Rosetta 123
White, Sarah 63
Whitelaw, (Mrs) 160
Whitney, Daisy 133
Whitney, Gwen 34
Whittaker, Minnie 137
Whittingham sisters 116-7
Whyte-Butler, Ellie 59,144
Wiangaree 98
Wickham, Nancy 97-8
widows: general 1,11,16,20,22,24,30,36,40,42;
midwives 58;
in business 95, 97, 113, 119;
in hotel trade 103, 105, 106, 108, 110
Wiggins, Anne 72
Williams, Emma see Pegus, Emma
Williams, Millie 175
Williams, Rita 81
Williams, Vera 43
Wilson, Annie 12
Wilson, Bessie 164
Wilson, Doris 80, 155
Wilson, Eliza 24
Wilson, Glad 158
Wilson, Isabella 35-6
Wilson, Jane Cruden 17, 18, 20, 72,160
Wilson, Mary 103
Wilson, Mong 46
Wilson, Pearl 156, 158
Wingham:
general 33,43,123,130,142,149,161,169;
businesses 97, 116, 117;
education 86, 87;
health services 52, 53
Winnicott, Eliza 9
Winterton, Mary Jane 23
Winwood Smith, Phyllis 168
Wirth, (Misses) 148
Wirth,Jacobina see Giles, Jacobina
Wisken, Enuna 101
Wisken, Hilda see Hynes, Hilda
Wollongbar 75
Womanhood Suffrage League 135
Wombah 28
Women's Liberal League 136,172
Woman's Political Educational League 135-6
Wood, Lucy 176
Wood, Martha 16
Wood, Priscilla 42, 78, 124, 125, 152, 169
Woodburn:
general 34,37,42,46, 122, 126, 155;
education 78,80,87,88,90,126
Woodenbong:
general 98,112,133;
education 91, 93, 96;
health services
Woodford Island 26, 72
Woodlands,Vashti see Ford, Vashti
Woodlawn 161
Woodside 45
Woolgoolga 127,169
Woolley, Jane 46
World War 1 34,42,64,100,130-1,137-8
Wormsley, Ella 144
Wotherspoon, Eliza 176
Wrightson, Patricia 66, 174
writers:
general 170-5;
autobiographers 172-4;
children's 174;
diarists 170- 1;
fiction 174,175;
history 176-7;
memoirs 172-4;
natural history 174;
poets 172;
reporters 172-5
Wunderlich, AE 130,149
Wyangerie 18, 20, 21, 150, 156, 164,174,176
Wyndham family 18
Wynter family 8, 14
Wynter, Eliza 160
Wyrallah 75

Yabsley, Elizabeth 176
Yabsley, Frances 151
Yabsley, Louisa 158
Yabsley, Magdalen 16-7, 176
Yabsley, William 16-7, 76
Yamba:
general 39, 78, 148, 173;
businesses 96, 97, 110, 113, 114
Yarnold, Emily 143-4, 146
Yellow Rock 36, 89, 90, 94
Yeppen Yeppin 43
Young, Adeline 98
Young, Ellen (Mrs JH) see Ellen Kemp
Yulgilbar 18, 20, 22-4, 25, 51, 90,100,143,174

Zecchin, Lucia 37
Zietsch family 108
Zietsch, Addie I I 0- I

Contributed by: Loelene Harrison




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