Balranald (map)is a town and local government area located in a remote, semi-desert area of NSW (population circa 1,476). It is one of the oldest settlements on the Lower Murrumbidgee River. Local industries include sheep, woodcutting, charcoal production and some river bound, irrigated crops.

The town of Balranald is located where the Sturt Highway crosses the Murrumbidgee River. The Burke and Wills expedition passed through Balranald on their way from Melbourne to the Gulf of Carpentaria. It is claimed that the first telephone in Australia was used at nearby Yanga Station, to communicate between the homestead and the shearing sheds (introduced courtesy of the nephew of Alexander Graham Bell).

Balranald Shire is the location of World Heritage listed Mungo National Park. It incorporates the communities of Balranald, Banon, Benanee, Bidura, Boree Plains, Brassbutt, Clare, Clare Alma, Corrong, Euston, Glen Dee, Hatfield, Kyalite, Manfred, Mossgiel, Mungo, Oxley, Penarie, Red Bank Weir, The Vale, Til Til, Tin Tin, Tupra and Turlee.

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