Cootamundra (map) is a town and local government area located on the Olympic Highway at the point where it crosses the Muttama Creek between Junee and Cowra. Although it is bypassed by the Hume Highway, its railway station is on the major Melbourne-to-Sydney line.
The land where Cootamundra now stands is a part of the Wiradjuri tribal lands; the name probably derived from the Wiradjuri word 'guudhamang' which means turtle. Cootamundra was incorporated as a township in 1861; with Europeans purchasing land in 1862. Like many other towns in the Riverina it was originally populated by those attracted by the gold rush of the 1860s. It became a quiet, yet prosperous, agricultural community after the local deposits were exhausted. Today, Cootamundra has a population of about 6000 people, with another 2000 living on outlying farms.
Cootamundra Shire incorporates the communities of Brawlin, Carinyah, Cootamundra, Cullinga, Dudauman, Frampton, Gundibindyal, Jindalee, Jugiong, Kilrush, Kyron, Landgrove, Meemar, Morrisons Hill, Stockinbingal, Wallendbeen, Willows, Yannawah and Yeo Yeo.
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