Gundagai (map) is a town and local government area located on the Murrumbidgee River 390 km south-west of Sydney (population circa 3,792). The floodplains of the Murrumbidgee, which lie below the present town of Gundagai, were a frequent meeting place of the Wiradjuri people. Traditional bora rings have been identified close to town. Gundagai derives from the Wiradjuri word 'Gundaghar' as recorded by R H Mathews - 'gunda' means place of, while 'ghar' means bird - i.e. place of birds.

Australian-born explorer Hamilton Hume and British immigrant William Hovell were the first Europeans to visit when they passed through Gundagai in 1824. Later Charles Sturt ventured into the area at the start of his voyage to the mouth of the Murray River. At the time of Sturt's 1829 journey, he found several settlers in the district. Henry O'Brien had established himself at Jugiong; William Warby at Mingay; and brothers Peter and Henry Stuckey had settled at Willie Ploma and Tumblong.

Gundagai Shire incorporates the communities of Abingdon, Adjungbilly, Big Ben, Black Station Creek, Bongalong, Nongongalong, Brawlin Springs, Bunarbo, Bungongo, Burra, Burra Creek, Cooba, Coolac, Darbalara, Deltroit, Edwardstown, Five Mile, Gobarralong, Gundagai, Gundillowah, Gunnong Jugrawah, Jacklass, Jermiah, Jones Creek, Jugiong, Kangaroo Mount, Kimo, Kimovale, Mingay, Mundarlo, Muttama, Nanangroe, Nangus, North Gundadai, Parson's Creek, Pettitts, Reno, Sandy Falls, South Gundadai, Spring Flat, Tarrabandra, Tucker Box, Tumblong, Wagragobilly, Wambidgee, Wattle Valley, Willie Ploma, Yabtree and Yammatree.

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