Moree Plains Shire (map) is located on the New South Wales side of the border with Queensland. It is one of the largest Local Government areas in the State of New South Wales (population circa 16,027). Also known as the 'Spa Capital of Australia', the township of Moree is situated at the crossroads of the Newell and Gwydir Highways. Local produce includes Wheat, Barley, Sorghum, Pulses, Cotton, Maize, Beef, Sheep, Wool, Olives, Pecans and Canola.

The Moree Hot Artesian Pool Complex, first established in 1896, attracts visitors from around Australia and overseas to 'take the waters'; an activity particularly popular with immigrants from eastern and southern Europe and eastern Asia. Moree itself sits at the south-eastern extremity of the Great Artesian Basin, a vast underground water resource covering much of eastern and central Australia.

The Shire has a relatively high Indigenous Australian population (17%) and in recent years has achieved recognition for its Aboriginal Employment Strategy, targeting indigenous employment in the mainstream workforce through a process of mentoring and counselling of both employer and employee.

The town of Mungindi (population circa 645), which straddles the New South Wales/Queensland border, is custodian of the world's largest survey peg, the One Ton Post, which marks the start of the colonial border survey of 1881 from Mungindi to Cameron's Corner at South Australia. The Shire also includes the towns of Boggabilla (population circa 667), Pallamallawa (population circa 307) and Gurley (population circa 305).

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